Carroll County was created by an act of the Maryland General Assembly passed on January, 19th 1837. The county was formed from parts of Baltimore and Frederick Counties and was named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signer of the American Declaration of Independence. Its county seat is Westminster.
During the American Civil War, the population of Carroll County was sharply divided between supporters of the Union and the Confederacy. In 1863, there were significant troop movements through the county as part of the Gettysburg campaign and the County played a key part in the Union Army’s defenses against the Confederate invasion of the North. On June 29, 1863, the cavalry skirmish known as Corbit's Charge was fought in the streets of Westminster, when two companies of Delaware cavalry attacked a much larger Confederate force under General J.E.B. Stuart.
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